// Copyright 2011 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

package template

import (

// Error describes a problem encountered during template Escaping.
type Error struct {
	// ErrorCode describes the kind of error.
	ErrorCode ErrorCode
	// Node is the node that caused the problem, if known.
	// If not nil, it overrides Name and Line.
	Node parse.Node
	// Name is the name of the template in which the error was encountered.
	Name string
	// Line is the line number of the error in the template source or 0.
	Line int
	// Description is a human-readable description of the problem.
	Description string

// ErrorCode is a code for a kind of error.
type ErrorCode int

// We define codes for each error that manifests while escaping templates, but
// escaped templates may also fail at runtime.
// Output: "ZgotmplZ"
// Example:
//   <img src="{{.X}}">
//   where {{.X}} evaluates to `javascript:...`
// Discussion:
//   "ZgotmplZ" is a special value that indicates that unsafe content reached a
//   CSS or URL context at runtime. The output of the example will be
//     <img src="#ZgotmplZ">
//   If the data comes from a trusted source, use content types to exempt it
//   from filtering: URL(`javascript:...`).
const (
	// OK indicates the lack of an error.
	OK ErrorCode = iota

	// ErrAmbigContext: "... appears in an ambiguous context within a URL"
	// Example:
	//   <a href="
	//      {{if .C}}
	//        /path/
	//      {{else}}
	//        /search?q=
	//      {{end}}
	//      {{.X}}
	//   ">
	// Discussion:
	//   {{.X}} is in an ambiguous URL context since, depending on {{.C}},
	//  it may be either a URL suffix or a query parameter.
	//   Moving {{.X}} into the condition removes the ambiguity:
	//   <a href="{{if .C}}/path/{{.X}}{{else}}/search?q={{.X}}">

	// ErrBadHTML: "expected space, attr name, or end of tag, but got ...",
	//   "... in unquoted attr", "... in attribute name"
	// Example:
	//   <a href = /search?q=foo>
	//   <href=foo>
	//   <form na<e=...>
	//   <option selected<
	// Discussion:
	//   This is often due to a typo in an HTML element, but some runes
	//   are banned in tag names, attribute names, and unquoted attribute
	//   values because they can tickle parser ambiguities.
	//   Quoting all attributes is the best policy.

	// ErrBranchEnd: "{{if}} branches end in different contexts"
	// Example:
	//   {{if .C}}<a href="{{end}}{{.X}}
	// Discussion:
	//   Package html/template statically examines each path through an
	//   {{if}}, {{range}}, or {{with}} to escape any following pipelines.
	//   The example is ambiguous since {{.X}} might be an HTML text node,
	//   or a URL prefix in an HTML attribute. The context of {{.X}} is
	//   used to figure out how to escape it, but that context depends on
	//   the run-time value of {{.C}} which is not statically known.
	//   The problem is usually something like missing quotes or angle
	//   brackets, or can be avoided by refactoring to put the two contexts
	//   into different branches of an if, range or with. If the problem
	//   is in a {{range}} over a collection that should never be empty,
	//   adding a dummy {{else}} can help.

	// ErrEndContext: "... ends in a non-text context: ..."
	// Examples:
	//   <div
	//   <div title="no close quote>
	//   <script>f()
	// Discussion:
	//   Executed templates should produce a DocumentFragment of HTML.
	//   Templates that end without closing tags will trigger this error.
	//   Templates that should not be used in an HTML context or that
	//   produce incomplete Fragments should not be executed directly.
	//   {{define "main"}} <script>{{template "helper"}}</script> {{end}}
	//   {{define "helper"}} document.write(' <div title=" ') {{end}}
	//   "helper" does not produce a valid document fragment, so should
	//   not be Executed directly.

	// ErrNoSuchTemplate: "no such template ..."
	// Examples:
	//   {{define "main"}}<div {{template "attrs"}}>{{end}}
	//   {{define "attrs"}}href="{{.URL}}"{{end}}
	// Discussion:
	//   Package html/template looks through template calls to compute the
	//   context.
	//   Here the {{.URL}} in "attrs" must be treated as a URL when called
	//   from "main", but you will get this error if "attrs" is not defined
	//   when "main" is parsed.

	// ErrOutputContext: "cannot compute output context for template ..."
	// Examples:
	//   {{define "t"}}{{if .T}}{{template "t" .T}}{{end}}{{.H}}",{{end}}
	// Discussion:
	//   A recursive template does not end in the same context in which it
	//   starts, and a reliable output context cannot be computed.
	//   Look for typos in the named template.
	//   If the template should not be called in the named start context,
	//   look for calls to that template in unexpected contexts.
	//   Maybe refactor recursive templates to not be recursive.

	// ErrPartialCharset: "unfinished JS regexp charset in ..."
	// Example:
	//     <script>var pattern = /foo[{{.Chars}}]/</script>
	// Discussion:
	//   Package html/template does not support interpolation into regular
	//   expression literal character sets.

	// ErrPartialEscape: "unfinished escape sequence in ..."
	// Example:
	//   <script>alert("\{{.X}}")</script>
	// Discussion:
	//   Package html/template does not support actions following a
	//   backslash.
	//   This is usually an error and there are better solutions; for
	//   example
	//     <script>alert("{{.X}}")</script>
	//   should work, and if {{.X}} is a partial escape sequence such as
	//   "xA0", mark the whole sequence as safe content: JSStr(`\xA0`)

	// ErrRangeLoopReentry: "on range loop re-entry: ..."
	// Example:
	//   <script>var x = [{{range .}}'{{.}},{{end}}]</script>
	// Discussion:
	//   If an iteration through a range would cause it to end in a
	//   different context than an earlier pass, there is no single context.
	//   In the example, there is missing a quote, so it is not clear
	//   whether {{.}} is meant to be inside a JS string or in a JS value
	//   context. The second iteration would produce something like
	//     <script>var x = ['firstValue,'secondValue]</script>

	// ErrSlashAmbig: '/' could start a division or regexp.
	// Example:
	//   <script>
	//     {{if .C}}var x = 1{{end}}
	//     /-{{.N}}/i.test(x) ? doThis : doThat();
	//   </script>
	// Discussion:
	//   The example above could produce `var x = 1/-2/i.test(s)...`
	//   in which the first '/' is a mathematical division operator or it
	//   could produce `/-2/i.test(s)` in which the first '/' starts a
	//   regexp literal.
	//   Look for missing semicolons inside branches, and maybe add
	//   parentheses to make it clear which interpretation you intend.

	// ErrPredefinedEscaper: "predefined escaper ... disallowed in template"
	// Example:
	//   <div class={{. | html}}>Hello<div>
	// Discussion:
	//   Package html/template already contextually escapes all pipelines to
	//   produce HTML output safe against code injection. Manually escaping
	//   pipeline output using the predefined escapers "html" or "urlquery" is
	//   unnecessary, and may affect the correctness or safety of the escaped
	//   pipeline output in Go 1.8 and earlier.
	//   In most cases, such as the given example, this error can be resolved by
	//   simply removing the predefined escaper from the pipeline and letting the
	//   contextual autoescaper handle the escaping of the pipeline. In other
	//   instances, where the predefined escaper occurs in the middle of a
	//   pipeline where subsequent commands expect escaped input, e.g.
	//     {{.X | html | makeALink}}
	//   where makeALink does
	//     return `<a href="`+input+`">link</a>`
	//   consider refactoring the surrounding template to make use of the
	//   contextual autoescaper, i.e.
	//     <a href="{{.X}}">link</a>
	//   To ease migration to Go 1.9 and beyond, "html" and "urlquery" will
	//   continue to be allowed as the last command in a pipeline. However, if the
	//   pipeline occurs in an unquoted attribute value context, "html" is
	//   disallowed. Avoid using "html" and "urlquery" entirely in new templates.

func ( *Error) () string {
	switch {
	case .Node != nil:
		,  := (*parse.Tree)(nil).ErrorContext(.Node)
		return fmt.Sprintf("html/template:%s: %s", , .Description)
	case .Line != 0:
		return fmt.Sprintf("html/template:%s:%d: %s", .Name, .Line, .Description)
	case .Name != "":
		return fmt.Sprintf("html/template:%s: %s", .Name, .Description)
	return "html/template: " + .Description

// errorf creates an error given a format string f and args.
// The template Name still needs to be supplied.
func errorf( ErrorCode,  parse.Node,  int,  string,  ...interface{}) *Error {
	return &Error{, , "", , fmt.Sprintf(, ...)}