package flate

Import Path
	compress/flate (on golang.org and go.dev)

Dependency Relation
	imports 8 packages, and imported by 3 packages

Involved Source Files deflate.go deflatefast.go dict_decoder.go huffman_bit_writer.go huffman_code.go Package flate implements the DEFLATE compressed data format, described in RFC 1951. The gzip and zlib packages implement access to DEFLATE-based file formats. token.go
Code Examples package main import ( "bytes" "compress/flate" "fmt" "io" "log" "os" "strings" ) func main() { // The dictionary is a string of bytes. When compressing some input data, // the compressor will attempt to substitute substrings with matches found // in the dictionary. As such, the dictionary should only contain substrings // that are expected to be found in the actual data stream. const dict = `` + `` + `` + ` ... ` var b bytes.Buffer // Compress the data using the specially crafted dictionary. zw, err := flate.NewWriterDict(&b, flate.DefaultCompression, []byte(dict)) if err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } if _, err := io.Copy(zw, strings.NewReader(data)); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } if err := zw.Close(); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } // The decompressor must use the same dictionary as the compressor. // Otherwise, the input may appear as corrupted. fmt.Println("Decompressed output using the dictionary:") zr := flate.NewReaderDict(bytes.NewReader(b.Bytes()), []byte(dict)) if _, err := io.Copy(os.Stdout, zr); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } if err := zr.Close(); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } fmt.Println() // Substitute all of the bytes in the dictionary with a '#' to visually // demonstrate the approximate effectiveness of using a preset dictionary. fmt.Println("Substrings matched by the dictionary are marked with #:") hashDict := []byte(dict) for i := range hashDict { hashDict[i] = '#' } zr = flate.NewReaderDict(&b, hashDict) if _, err := io.Copy(os.Stdout, zr); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } if err := zr.Close(); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } } package main import ( "bytes" "compress/flate" "io" "log" "os" "strings" ) func main() { proverbs := []string{ "Don't communicate by sharing memory, share memory by communicating.\n", "Concurrency is not parallelism.\n", "The bigger the interface, the weaker the abstraction.\n", "Documentation is for users.\n", } var r strings.Reader var b bytes.Buffer buf := make([]byte, 32<<10) zw, err := flate.NewWriter(nil, flate.DefaultCompression) if err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } zr := flate.NewReader(nil) for _, s := range proverbs { r.Reset(s) b.Reset() // Reset the compressor and encode from some input stream. zw.Reset(&b) if _, err := io.CopyBuffer(zw, &r, buf); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } if err := zw.Close(); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } // Reset the decompressor and decode to some output stream. if err := zr.(flate.Resetter).Reset(&b, nil); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } if _, err := io.CopyBuffer(os.Stdout, zr, buf); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } if err := zr.Close(); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } } } package main import ( "compress/flate" "fmt" "io" "log" "strings" "sync" ) func main() { var wg sync.WaitGroup defer wg.Wait() // Use io.Pipe to simulate a network connection. // A real network application should take care to properly close the // underlying connection. rp, wp := io.Pipe() // Start a goroutine to act as the transmitter. wg.Add(1) go func() { defer wg.Done() zw, err := flate.NewWriter(wp, flate.BestSpeed) if err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } b := make([]byte, 256) for _, m := range strings.Fields("A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away...") { // We use a simple framing format where the first byte is the // message length, followed the message itself. b[0] = uint8(copy(b[1:], m)) if _, err := zw.Write(b[:1+len(m)]); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } // Flush ensures that the receiver can read all data sent so far. if err := zw.Flush(); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } } if err := zw.Close(); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } }() // Start a goroutine to act as the receiver. wg.Add(1) go func() { defer wg.Done() zr := flate.NewReader(rp) b := make([]byte, 256) for { // Read the message length. // This is guaranteed to return for every corresponding // Flush and Close on the transmitter side. if _, err := io.ReadFull(zr, b[:1]); err != nil { if err == io.EOF { break // The transmitter closed the stream } log.Fatal(err) } // Read the message content. n := int(b[0]) if _, err := io.ReadFull(zr, b[:n]); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } fmt.Printf("Received %d bytes: %s\n", n, b[:n]) } fmt.Println() if err := zr.Close(); err != nil { log.Fatal(err) } }() }
Package-Level Type Names (total 7)
/* sort by: | */
A CorruptInputError reports the presence of corrupt input at a given offset. ( T) Error() string T : error
An InternalError reports an error in the flate code itself. ( T) Error() string T : error
The actual read interface needed by NewReader. If the passed in io.Reader does not also have ReadByte, the NewReader will introduce its own buffering. ( T) Read(p []byte) (n int, err error) ( T) ReadByte() (byte, error) *bufio.Reader bufio.ReadWriter *bytes.Buffer *bytes.Reader image/jpeg.Reader (interface) *internal/trace.Writer *strings.Reader T : image/jpeg.Reader T : io.ByteReader T : io.Reader
A ReadError reports an error encountered while reading input. Deprecated: No longer returned. // error returned by underlying Read // byte offset where error occurred (*T) Error() string *T : error
Resetter resets a ReadCloser returned by NewReader or NewReaderDict to switch to a new underlying Reader. This permits reusing a ReadCloser instead of allocating a new one. Reset discards any buffered data and resets the Resetter as if it was newly initialized with the given reader. compress/zlib.Resetter (interface) T : compress/zlib.Resetter
A WriteError reports an error encountered while writing output. Deprecated: No longer returned. // error returned by underlying Read // byte offset where error occurred (*T) Error() string *T : error
A Writer takes data written to it and writes the compressed form of that data to an underlying writer (see NewWriter). Close flushes and closes the writer. Flush flushes any pending data to the underlying writer. It is useful mainly in compressed network protocols, to ensure that a remote reader has enough data to reconstruct a packet. Flush does not return until the data has been written. Calling Flush when there is no pending data still causes the Writer to emit a sync marker of at least 4 bytes. If the underlying writer returns an error, Flush returns that error. In the terminology of the zlib library, Flush is equivalent to Z_SYNC_FLUSH. Reset discards the writer's state and makes it equivalent to the result of NewWriter or NewWriterDict called with dst and w's level and dictionary. Write writes data to w, which will eventually write the compressed form of data to its underlying writer. *T : io.Closer *T : io.WriteCloser *T : io.Writer func NewWriter(w io.Writer, level int) (*Writer, error) func NewWriterDict(w io.Writer, level int, dict []byte) (*Writer, error)
Package-Level Functions (total 4)
NewReader returns a new ReadCloser that can be used to read the uncompressed version of r. If r does not also implement io.ByteReader, the decompressor may read more data than necessary from r. It is the caller's responsibility to call Close on the ReadCloser when finished reading. The ReadCloser returned by NewReader also implements Resetter.
NewReaderDict is like NewReader but initializes the reader with a preset dictionary. The returned Reader behaves as if the uncompressed data stream started with the given dictionary, which has already been read. NewReaderDict is typically used to read data compressed by NewWriterDict. The ReadCloser returned by NewReader also implements Resetter.
NewWriter returns a new Writer compressing data at the given level. Following zlib, levels range from 1 (BestSpeed) to 9 (BestCompression); higher levels typically run slower but compress more. Level 0 (NoCompression) does not attempt any compression; it only adds the necessary DEFLATE framing. Level -1 (DefaultCompression) uses the default compression level. Level -2 (HuffmanOnly) will use Huffman compression only, giving a very fast compression for all types of input, but sacrificing considerable compression efficiency. If level is in the range [-2, 9] then the error returned will be nil. Otherwise the error returned will be non-nil.
NewWriterDict is like NewWriter but initializes the new Writer with a preset dictionary. The returned Writer behaves as if the dictionary had been written to it without producing any compressed output. The compressed data written to w can only be decompressed by a Reader initialized with the same dictionary.
Package-Level Constants (total 5)
const BestCompression = 9
const BestSpeed = 1
const DefaultCompression = -1
HuffmanOnly disables Lempel-Ziv match searching and only performs Huffman entropy encoding. This mode is useful in compressing data that has already been compressed with an LZ style algorithm (e.g. Snappy or LZ4) that lacks an entropy encoder. Compression gains are achieved when certain bytes in the input stream occur more frequently than others. Note that HuffmanOnly produces a compressed output that is RFC 1951 compliant. That is, any valid DEFLATE decompressor will continue to be able to decompress this output.
const NoCompression = 0